The fundamental problem of causality

Content for Thursday, October 12, 2023


Please watch the following from this YouTube playlist.

You can also watch the playlist (and skip around to different sections) here:



On the day of class, you will find my slides on Canvas.


Gertler, Paul J., Sebastian Martinez, Patrick Premand, Laura B. Rawlings, and Christel M. J. Vermeersch. 2016. Impact Evaluation in Practice. 2nd ed. Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank.
Glennerster, Rachel, and Kudzai Takavarasha. 2013. Running Randomized Evaluations: A Practical Guide. Princeton: Princeton University Press.